Indian Char Bagh Garden at the Hamilton Gardens,
Hamilton, New Zealand.
An information sign at the gardens reads as follows:
The ‘char bagh’ or ‘enclosed four part’ garden has been
one of the most significant types of traditional garden. Between the 8th
and 18th centuries these gardens spread throughout the Muslim
world from Asia and North Africa to
They were the original ‘Paradise Gardens’, also known
as the ‘Universal Garden’, because of their widespread use and their
traditional symbolism for the universe itself derived from very ancient
roots in Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, Islamism, and Buddhism.
these gardens became a distinctive art form during the 16th and
17th centuries, firstly under the Mughal rulers, then later the
Hindu aristrocracy. This garden is an interpretation of a residential ‘Riverside
Garden’ or ‘Kursi-cum-char bagh’,
common along city riverbanks, such as the Jamna in Agra.
The Indian char bagh gardens were poetic, secret,
pleasure gardens in which you could feel the breezes in the open sided
pavilion, hear the sound of sparkling water, and enjoy the perfume of
flowers in a living Persian carpet.
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